Τετάρτη, 17 Μαΐου 2017

Factors that cause difficulties and problems in breeding


Let me give here the most important reasons that lead to problems and difficulties and failures in Canary breeding, of course, many reasons have been mentioned in our forum through various Honourable members, and so I wanted to summarize them in order to be a reference for breeders to know the reasons that should be avoided and prevented in order to raise successful without obstacles.
I hope that I will put all the factors and reasons.
For your information these factors apply to all pet birds.

Problems of breeding in various stages:
1 - The failure of birds to mate: in terms of compatibility and harmony between the couple and the acceptance to one another.
2 - Mating but do not lay eggs.
3 - Lay eggs, but not fertilized.
4 - Eggs fertilized but failed to hatch.
5 - Have been laying eggs, but broken.
6 - A high proportion of rotten eggs.
7 - A high proportion of death in the egg.
8 - Chicks can not get out of the egg.
9 -Weak or the death of chicks in the nest.

Causes of these problems:
1 - The failure of birds to mate:
* Not fully mature one of them, or both.
* Too young one of them, or both.
* pair is not a mating pair, ie, it can be male with a male or female with female.
* Fear, inconvenience and disruption in the light schedule (external influences).
* Nutritional problems: either poor nutrition or excessive obesity.
* Disturbance in the hormones.
* Diseases.
* Atrophy of the sexual glands of one or both pair.
* Hereditary diseases or defects.
* Various problems in the reproductive system.
Environment that is suitable for mating, such as a confined space do not have room enough for the couple, a lack of nesting materials, lighting is insufficient or irregular in the number of hours of light, the temperature is stable, such as very low or very high.
* Excessive mating in a single season.
* Take the pair is appropriate: if possible, change either bird; the male with another female or the female with another male.
* Season is not suitable.

2 - Mating but do not lay eggs:
* One of the reasons mentioned above.
* Similar in sex.
* Entrapment of a white or other problems in the female reproductive system, such as infections of the uterus or ovaries, or atrophy of the reproductive system in general.

3 - Lay eggs but not fertilized:
* One of the reasons mentioned in the first item.
* The absence of the male: some may not realize that the female bird breeders as possible if the bleaching was isolated alone or with another female.
* May interfere with some drugs, if given for long or high doses in the metabolism and hormones in the body causing sexual sterility of any of the sexes.
* The male is small and inexperienced.
* You may not leave the female from the nest to mate with the above-mentioned
correctly or not hunting her enough.
* For sizes larger than the male of female, and therefore do not appreciate that which is borne by them.
* Mentioned as possible long nails, which hurt the female when the process of pollination.
* The existence of small feathers on the male penis.
* Roost is not constant, leading to lack of provisions of enrichment.
* Male protector and ready but there is no sperm ready. For example, it was sometime in the emptying sperm to impregnate loose and when the vaccination was the arbitrator were not sperm are present. Sometimes there is no sperm in the presence of chicks when (Sobhan Allah protect the chicks from the ferocity of the father because of the high concentration of male hormone), so these hormones during the fade and a chicken to ease the male and therefore there is no sperm.
These are the reasons that make the breeder surprising that everything is excellent and walking is fine, but there is no fertilized eggs and the reason that the sperm are not available at any time.
* In the course of infection, which kills sperm, or an overlap between the presence of urine and feces of sperm (as we know that the slot direction common to all).
* Infections in the course of the female reproductive system, or high acidity kills sperm. Or scrap it out once they come out of the insemination of sperm with the waste.
* The lack of in one of the vitamins such as selenium and vitamin E, leading to sperm is intact (distorted) or weak (not able to fertilize an egg).
* Full of male infertility congenital or not congenital.
* Obesity, which hinder the process of fertilization or inactivity of the male.
* Mentioned in satisfactory condition, or in the process of molting.

4 - eggs failed to hatch:
* Annoyed by the female foster breeder, cats, mice, insects, voice spam, fumes, gases and unpleasant odors, or other birds from the nest until the chicks or the former than the male.
* Cold eggs: eggs that did not take the temperature for incubation because of the inconvenience or failure of a female female egg incubator to cover properly, especially if she was holding the additional eggs (ie, the presence of 5 or six eggs in each nest).
* Destruction of the shell of the egg by accident or because of an accident: for example, when pregnant, or because long nails, a very small crack is enough to contaminate the egg and kill the fetus. May break the egg from the mother impulsively sudden involuntary movement or when harassed, such as what happens with the mother Alhanona that refuses to play for white teacher forcing that spared his hand or to carry out an inspection of the nest when the eggs.
* May move some of the infectious diseases of the female of the fetus Vtguetlh before hatching. Some types of bacteria such as Salmonella can penetrate through the shell of the egg to the inside.
* Flaws in the food. Severe drought, moisture is adequate.
* Hereditary diseases affecting the development of the fetus.

5 - Broken eggs:
* Hassle.
* Poisoning: for example, or carbon dioxide and other gases such as toxic or chlorinated hydrocarbones which causes breaks in the shell of the egg.

6 - rotten eggs:
Rotten eggs is where the contents of rotting after incubation. Eggs may be enriched by decomposing the warming nursery or infection or neglect, leaving a long period of eggs by the female incubated. The other option is to have eggs fertilized but died due to infection, neglect, and a genetic deformity or injury or because of reasons in a third and fourth items at the top.
7 - dead chicks inside the egg:
There are multiple reasons are mentioned in each item, the third, fourth and fifth. Additional reason is the drought conditions of the fetus, especially in cases of dry air and expert know what the mother needs to go so Vtsthm eggs remain moist and then go back and sit on the eggs.
8 - the inability of the chick to get out of the egg:
* Dry egg shell.
* The low temperatures hinder hatching, where they cause cold and low metabolic rate to the chick.
* Poor baby can not break the shell of the egg and get out in time, especially if the crust was thick and solid bass, even the natural may not be able to be broken. Teacher intervention will not help unless the egg remained pierced chick becomes weaker and then the egg should be opened carefully and pull sheet.
* Often happens to be the egg round (circular) not more oval. Therefore it will not chick heading toward the void of any antenna will not be inferred, so it will not penetrate the crust, leading to suffocation and death.
* If his head was trapped under the left wing and not right. Chick programmed to move in the opposite direction Fathagb egg as it moves. But when the imprisoned his head under the left wing can not puncture the egg dies his body inside.
* When the legs over his head. Also does not happen a hole and die.
* Other reasons such as infection, lack of nutrition in the mother than the fetus is weak after its completion.

9 - weakness and death of chicks in the nest:
* Hassle: Death may occur due to negligence by the parents as a result of the hassle (the first paragraph in the fourth item).
* Illness or death of a parent, particularly the female, causing a small cooler and death by starvation.
* Flaws in the food.
* Infectious disease, lack of cleanliness of the nest, Fash.
* Do not give food to the parents, such as soft-boiled eggs.



Source:  http://ica.canaryfans.com/

Τρίτη, 16 Μαΐου 2017

Ali Kordy youngsters for the season 2017



I'm Ali Kordy from South Lebanon, I've been breeding Yorkshire Canaries for a long time and I love them .
I breed in a scientific way and try to reach the best shape for this type of canaries , I used to breed in quantities , but this year was directed to breed pure breeds and in less numbers. For high quality.
I have 17 couples for this last season and produced around 60 amazing chick . Feathers & positioning are really good . And the result is really good .
Some photos from my own breeding room .


















Κυριακή, 14 Μαΐου 2017

Ufuk Buyurgan's youngsters for the season 2017!!!

My good friend Ufuk is presenting his youngsters for the season 2017! A famous breeder and a great artist, Mr Buyurgan is for sure a great value for our hobby!...




"I'm Ufuk Buyurgan. I am a Norwich breeder in Turkey Ankara. I have been breeding Norwich since I was 13 years old.

I work with 28 pairs in 2017 season. My primary target in Norwich canary is feather quality. I always work towards this goal. For this reason, the melanin birds are indispensable for me. At the moment there are close to 80 puppies. I think it's around 100 at the end of the season.

I am a member of Baskent Canary Club which is located in Ankara. Our club code is 06B and my ring code is 055.
For example ... TKF17, 06B, 055, 001 (Federation code and year, Club code, My ring code and Bird number.)

As a breeder my goal is always to produce the best and to be successful in competitions."
Love and respect
Ufuk Buyurgan


















Τρίτη, 18 Απριλίου 2017

Understanding Gloster Feather For Correct Gloster Pairings!



Understanding Gloster Feather

by Don Perez.

 

Are they called consort pairings or are they called corona pairings?  We all know by now that one pairs a consort to a corona when pairing Glosters but are we pairing them to produce show-winning coronas or show-winning consorts?  Did you think to yourself and say both?  In The House Of Crests, most all pairings are considered corona pairings.  Time to rethink our theories.  Let’s learn why...
In the beginning, let’s just call them Gloster Pairings…
Based on the many years of research and successes in The House of Crests, there have been numerous facts that have been ascertained through application, observation and detailed study.  The resulting facts are being offered as new documented theories as they relate to the pairings of Glosters.  These new theories are the basis on which we provide solid clarification if not finally lay to rest the many popular yet erroneous theories found in the fancy.
The first fallacy is that the wide-headed consort can and may be used for the production of show-winning coronas.
These wide-headed consorts instead should be used in the attempt to produce a show-winning line of consorts, if that’s the direction one desires to go.  I believe that the majority of wide-headed consorts are a totally different breed of Gloster.  Those breeders who win primarily with their consorts tend to generally produce mediocre to terrible coronas from them.  Especially those Gloster breeders who focus their energies on working strictly with clear to light variegated consorts and coronas.  It is wise to never request show-winning consorts as the good ones will tend to be wide-headed, unless of “coarse” (oops!) course, this is the initial goal.  Worthless corona and corona-producing consort young will be the result of any pairings from wide-headed consorts.  When selecting the foundation for your own stud, always request matched pairs to be used for the production of a line of show-winning Gloster coronas! 
Be aware of the fact that there are fanciers who, mainly because of their lack of knowledge on the subject of proper Gloster pairings and genetics in the birdroom, are year after year continually experimenting.  Be aware of the winner on the show bench who after buying in birds wins for a couple years then through improper pairing of the young, ruins the line brought in and begins losing again forcing he or she to buy in again.  It’s these same breeders who will mix Glosters coming from some so-called “lines” using an assortment of Glosters in various colors from several breeders in either America, Canada, United Kingdom and/or Europe in their attempt to develop a “line” of winners again.  Fact is, they never had a line going to begin with!  Some of these same breeders even sell the surplus young that are normally referred to as culls from these experiments to any newcomers that come their way.  These same “fanciers” are aware that novices do not know any better when selecting a beginners’ breeding stud and so dispose of their rubbish to these poor unsuspecting souls!  Selling the culls from these experiments to those who request their birds will help insure that any offspring the purchaser produces will never beat them in future shows without the purchaser first investing many years of future culling.  The “champion” or winner of the breed who sells this type of cull does not know where that novice will appear with any young birds produced from what they sold them so has hedged his win well in advance of the show season!  This practice only causes the newcomer to get discouraged causing another hopeful fancier to bite the dust, eventually causing the fancy to continue on its’ decline here in America.  Rather than helping the newcomer, we continually have fanciers who regularly win at shows yet refuse to share the knowledge, theories and methods used to achieve these successes.  Many have even died with these “secrets” being buried with them!
The second fallacy is that one should request top quality show-winning pairs when looking to purchase stock. 
Usually under a knowledgeable and honest judge, the show-winning Gloster coronas are much smaller in size than what one would consider a stock Gloster corona to be. If the judge is selecting specimens in relation to size, according to the standard of perfection, which states “to the diminutive”, these winning corona Glosters would be considered smaller Gloster coronas then any stock coronas would be.  One should rarely, if ever, pair two show-winning Glosters together. This practice will only result in smaller and smaller Glosters that will be lacking in type and/or substance.  It amazes me how many fanciers who purchase matched pairs from me end up pairing together offspring that are more to the smaller side the following year only to come back a couple of years later looking for “muscle birds!”  One should pair a medium or larger sized stock bird to a smaller show-winning bird in order to produce per nest of say four eggs, two stock birds and two show birds.  Fanciers should also use the quantitative pairing method to produce the numbers needed to succeed.  Properly matched pairings for success in producing a line of show-winning Gloster coronas should yield each season, stock corona-producing consort cocks, stock corona-producing consort hens, stock and show corona cocks and finally stock and show corona hens!   And we are not even talking about all the color varieties yet!!
What is meant by suggesting the use of the quantitative pairing method and how is it done, one might ask.  To start our “families” or line one must produce numbers from the initial pairs or trios purchased.  Regardless of from whom one has acquired the initial stock, one must raise quantities of youngsters to ascertain what is being produced.  One must find through test mating cocks to hens, that pre-potent cock that is passing on most all the fine characteristics one is looking for. With the Gloster there are many features one is trying to obtain as well as many faults they are trying to eliminate depending on the source of the original stock.
The real secret is all in a complete understanding of feather and of course working with quality stock out of as pure a line as one can acquire.
Let me attach some lines of information sent in reply to others who've asked about feather as it applies to the Gloster:
There is much to learn, which has yet to be offered for publication either here in North America and even the United Kingdom when it comes to understanding feather and proper pairings with our Glosters.
Many have attempted to clarify this by writing about their own experiences but the terminology, examples and/or illustrations accompanying their published material, as good as some of those writings may be, still do not clarify the issue of feather.  Both the novice and established breeder are continually striving to improve their stud and thus must continually strive to absorb as much correct information on this subject as possible in order to be successful in their quest.
A question from one fancier here in America who e-mailed asked if a Gloster consort with a brow over its' eye was the type to use in the breeding program.  It was assumed he was asking about a consort with a brow.  It was suggested that he must read an article written many years ago by a good friend, completely addressing the subject of feather. The name of the article was: "Feather Quality, Breakfast of Champions".  The sad fact is that because of the lack of visual examples accompanying the article, one is not able to match the terminology with a visual.  Without seeing an actual bird or accurate example illustrating the exact feather mentioned, the fancier will usually misunderstand what the difference in feather texture is.
Many people do not understand feather in canaries and it is worse with the Gloster because many breeders have used buff-to-buff pairings for years without paying attention to the matchings of the buff feather color, richness or degree thereof, texture, length or width.  It is very difficult to describe these differences in order to allow the reader to understand accurately without a visual.  We must depend upon the author checking the end result of the finished printed piece for color consistency and quality during the printing process to accurately illustrate the accompanying text.  Most fanciers are forced to actually see each of the various representatives of the breed in person and have it explained by a successful and knowledgeable breeder who has a complete understanding of the subject.  Beginning this year when a fancier requests and purchases Glosters from The House Of Crests, a full description the feather of each bird they are receiving so they can see the differences in every bird contained in the shipment. This helps the fancier understand the reasoning behind why they are paired the way they are.  It is best to answer questions on feather at a bird exhibition for it is there where one can usually find examples of most of the textures available. 
As for that question about the use of a consort with a brow, it is assumed he was referring to the extent of brow on the consort.  If it's a medium-feathered consort, it can be valuable.  Sad to say, because of the years of pairing errors by breeders, most of the Glosters out there continually seem to come down with lumps or feather cysts.  These lumps are as a result of long-feathered, buffed out Glosters being paired together. One can be given a basic route to go in the pairing of either browy or non-browy consorts based on long and short feather as a reason for the browiness or non-browiness as a starting point.
When pairing long-feathered consort cocks to short-feathered corona hens, I tend to use the consort cock with the most browiness.  If I'm pairing long-feathered corona cocks (like the corona cocks you see on my site) to short-feathered consort hens, I tend to use the consort hen with the least amount of browiness but one that possesses an excellent rise over the head plus as much of a roundness of body (typiness) as possible and finally, the hen must be as short as possible. The same is the case if the sexes were reversed in either scenario.  Always pair long to short feather to get a balance.  Pairing two short-feathered Glosters together will result in most cases in producing narrow-bodied Glosters with poor, coronas that are much too short and consorts with pinched entrances in the head.  Pairing two long-feathered Glosters together (which is what most Gloster breeders do with disastrous results to increase the length of the crest) will result in most cases in producing wide-bodied, profusely feathered, lump-producing, oversized Glosters, which will begin to look like poor examples of Columbus Fancies or small, coarse, very loose Old Variety Crested Canaries. The consorts will begin to get zippers and splits on the back and weskits (half-vests) on the chest, looseness in the flanks and heavy, coarse browiness.  The coronas will begin to get zippers and splits on the back and weskits on the chest, looseness in the flanks and heavy crests with splits and bald-spots in the back of the neck above the zippers.
And we've not even touched upon long-wide and long-narrow feather or short-wide and short-narrow feather in intense and non-intense colored Glosters yet!! Most people are not aware of the secrets of the feather, regardless of the breed of canary and that is why you see so many buying from all over the place and winning for a year or two then their losing streak kicks in forcing them into selling the rubbish and buying from all over the place - all over again!!  Why, because of their lack of study when it comes to feather and what to do with it in their own birdroom.  Most breeders understand the very basics, like yellow and buff and short and long and wide and narrow, yet they cannot identify all these feathers on their very own birds!!  When yellow is mentioned, it does not apply to the amount of clarity or extent of pigment in the feather either.  (There is even one person in the fancy here in the States who is now quite politically connected and is even judging who over some time ago requested Glosters from me. After this persons' first breeding season, she asked to return a yellow-ground green consort that was sold to her the previous year, per her request of wanting a yellow!  It was probably the most valuable bird I had sold that year, yet she still wanted to return it!  She did however keep the young and they became the foundation of her winning line at the time!  Someone else that same day at the show where we met to return this bird wanted a yellow-ground, knowing the value of such a Gloster bought it right there in my hotel room and it never made it back to my birdroom!)
There are Gloster fanciers around the world who write about how impressive The House Of Crests Glosters look after seeing the many examples on the web site.  They comment on how much richness of color they have yet still the length of feather on the corona is tremendous!  That, my good fancier, is by design!  Take a look at many of the Glosters on sites or on the show bench and pay particular attention to the mealed-out or washed-out look of these examples of the breed.  Have you noticed all the coarse feathering of Glosters these days?  It is not a recent phenomenon for it has been apparent in the breed since the early 70's.  It simply has not improved on the majority of Glosters seen.  No wonder so many people get discouraged and find another breed to work with after only a few years of having Glosters.
It would be wise for everyone, in order to understand feather in Type Canaries and especially Gloster Canaries, to refer to a yellow-ground canary as an intensive and a buff-ground as non-intensive as is done with Colorbred Canaries.  More on this in my next article on Feather
Glosters are always paired corona (crested) to consort (non-crest) as a rule in this birdroom.  However one reads of many, in a desire to produce winning consorts, pairing consort to consort.
There are two facts you must ponder when considering consort-to-consort pairings.
Fact number one; the offspring are almost worthless for use in any future production of show-winning coronas.  ALWAYS!!
Fact number two; the reason why the Gloster breed was developed and exists today is because of the corona (crest). 
To me the corona is the pinnacle or should I say, the "crown" of the breed!!    
Why raise the Gloster to begin with if not for the production of a canary with a corona on it?  And if you decide you want to raise Glosters for the corona, then raise them to produce the most perfect coronas that you possibly can!  Look around.  See what’s out there.  I’ve said it time and time again and as I attend show after show to see what fanciers are producing today, I find I am forced to say it again; mediocrity is everywhere!  If you’re going to do it, do it right!
Pairing buff to buff consorts together for one or more years in order to increase the length and thereby increasing the droopiness of the crest in future consort to corona pairings to produce coronas like the ones you see illustrated on my web site, as has been suggested by some fanciers, is a fallacy and should be avoided at all costs!  This will set not only your consorts back but your coronas as well and very possibly to a point beyond any return!  Careful!
This is why the focus of all efforts year after year should be and is on the perfection of the corona on the Gloster and all consorts should be bred for their corona-producing gene pool in order to consistently stamp out the super-quality coronas, a small sampling of which you can see on The House Of Crests site.
I close with one last important item that will improve discussion, evaluation, purchasing and pairing of our Glosters.  That is that it would be wise for everyone, in order to understand feather in Type Canaries and especially Gloster Canaries, to refer to a yellow-ground Gloster Canary as an intensive and a buff-ground Gloster Canary as a non-intensive, as is done with Colorbred Canaries.

Source:  http://www.houseofcrests.com/

Rene Alssema's selection of pairs 2017!

One of the most important things when we are breeding canaries is the selection of the pair. It is a big challenge for the breeder to choose the right combination to have the best results. I select four pairs of fine glosters from Rene Alssema's  breding couples. I ask from him to explain to the rest of the breeders why he chose thses birds.What are their beneffits in his experienced eyes.

"First pair is for breeding white and clear birds. Both are very typefull. Cock have good head for breeding corona".




"Second pair is for compact body birds. Cock is from a couple that give me very colorful youngsters and super corona. The hen should have some more color and longer corona"



"Third pair is no compensation. Just two colorful and good body birds. I want to breed as much as possible colorbirds. That's better than using intensive birds"




"Fourth pair. Cinnamon consort cock give color and bigger corona. Blue hen is short and round but should have bigger corona. This combination also give Fawn color"







Δευτέρα, 10 Απριλίου 2017

Chris Goodal, the master of Norwich fancy!

Chris Goodal is one of the greatest breeders  of Norwich canaries! His family is breeding norwich canaries the last 66 years !!! Let's learn a few things about him and his unbeatable records!

"My father started breeding Norwich Canaries in 1951. I was 6 years old and we showed our birds as father and son.
I have been breeding on my own since I got married and moved home in 1966. My father will be 90 years old in May, and although in good health for his age, sold his birds, cages and equipment 3 years ago.
In England unless you use heat and extra lighting, the breeding season is just starting. I will be putting nest pans in to my most forward hens this week.My first youngster usually hatches about 1st of May. 20 years ago I would breed with 24 pairs. Now i am in my 70's, i am down to 15 hens and 9 cocks, and find that plenty enough to look after, in the conditions Mary my wife and i like to keep them in.
As for showing, we do not do as many shows we used to. Getting up early in the morning, to travel long distances doesn't appeal so much as in the past
However we can still revel in past glories particularly at the English National, which sadly ceased to be in 2003. This was the show we planned our whole year around.
We won Best Norwich 9 times. Had Best, Second Best and Third Best on 5 occasions. We hold the record of winning Best Canary in Show 4 times, and are the only canary breeders to win the Haddon Trophy for Best Bird in Show on more than one occasion. The 2001 National was our best show for class winners. Of the 16 main classes we had 14 winners and 2 seconds. Plus first and second in many classes."


.
"Sam & Chris Goodall have produced some of the best Norwich over the last couple of decades"
                                                                                                                  Alan Dempsey

"Most of my birds have bloodline from him.
Yes, he is one of the top breeders in England. His birds have a particular items in head, neck and chap".

                                                                                                                      Jo Schifflers


"Goodall is 2 generations a world brand. Norwich contributed to the popularity of the canaries. He is an idol in this matter. With love and greetings from the Ufuk Buyurgan"

                                                                                                         Ufuk Buyurgan

"The best norwich breeder, the man that his birds inspired all of us to breed norwich"
                                                                                                      Konstadinos Kosmis




 Chris Goodal and his father.This photo posted by Pete Wilson on the Norwich Canary Of GB site brought back some pleasant memories. It was the 1999 English National held at Telford, the only time it was held there. We were blessed to have won the award for Best, Second Best and Third Best Norwich on 5 occasions. The best and second best were sold to Jack Stevens of Scotland, and a month after the English National, they were Best and Second Norwich at the Scottish National for his wife.
 This has to be the most seen, and used photograph of a Norwich Canary.. I have seen the bird used on diplomas, rosettes, plates, mugs, posters advertising shows, and packets of bird food. May i take this opportunity to inform people new to the fancy, that this buff cock was bred in my father's birdroom in 1988, and won for us the award for Best Norwich at the English National, as a flighted bird in 1989. The photo was taken by that great bird photographer Denis Avon


The flighted Yellow cock, that was Best Norwich at the 1999 English National





Unflighted wing marked buff cock for this years breeding

Unflighted clear yellow hen, for wing marked buff cock.

Unflighted clear buff cock.

Unflighted clear yellow hen, for clear buff cock



Τετάρτη, 5 Απριλίου 2017

Fernando Sanches Leite,birdroom and birds!

Fernando Sanches Leite is one of the most talented breeders of America! He is from Parana, Brazil Their club has great breeders and very quality yorkshires. Claudemir Soares is doing great work in their club and their shows are successful. You must see the fantastic birdroom of Fernando. I think that it is one of the best ,i haver ever seen. I really admire the part with the show cages. I have never seen something like that before. You can watch your birds in their show cages easily and you can "judge" them any time.